The setting up of a company requires a lot of hard work and planning. If the proper time is not put in, the company may start to dwindle in the long run. Various factors like change in the business environment, a shift in customer preferences, technological advancements in the industry etc. will hugely affect the company. If a company does not take into consideration these factors, after a specified duration, it will have to liquidate itself and close down.
What is Liquidation?
If a company has taken too many debts and is unable to repay them, liquidation of company liquidation is the last resort left for such debtors. Sometimes owners may decide that it is not profitable to continue with the business and hence needs to be closed down. In such cases, the creditors take steps to get their money back. All the assets of the company such as land, raw materials, stock, machinery etc. are sold off to a potential buyer. The money obtained from this transaction is then used to repay the creditors. This will disband the company, and the company will not be able to do any business in the future.
Reasons for Liquidation
There are many reasons which can give birth to a scenario where company liquidation becomes very important such as:
- Unable to pay the debts on time
- Failure to do any trading for a long time since the incorporation
- Company making continued losses
As soon as the above symptoms appear in the company, the company must conduct an audit which will allow to uncover and understand the cause of such loss.
Types of Liquidation
Mainly there are two different types of liquidation which a company can go through. The two types of liquidation are:
1. Compulsory Liquidation
This is a type of liquidation which needs to be performed by the Board of Directors of the company as the creditors have moved to the court and filed a petition. The lenders must provide reliable and admissible proof that the company is unable to repay the loans of the lenders. After examining if the court agrees with the lenders, the Board of Directors has to sell off the assets of the company to pay back the required amount.
2. Voluntary Liquidation
In this approach of liquidation, the board of directors have an in-depth discussion regarding the profits of the company. If the company is unable to generate benefits, the board of directors will opt for the liquidation of the company and the sale of the assets. In case of no losses but very fewer profits, the money generated from the transaction is distributed among the owners and the various shareholders.
Process of Company Liquidation
Just like setting up a company, liquidation of a company also has its process which needs to be followed. Not following the proper procedure will hamper the business more. The process is given below:
1. Appoint a Liquidator
The board of directors must appoint a liquidator who will oversee all the liquidation work and will also decide the priorities of distributing the cash received after selling off all the assets of the company.
2. Board Resolution
The Board of Directors of the company will have to formally release a resolution stating the name and address of the appointed liquidator.
3. Print Decision of Hiring a Liquidator in Two Newspapers
The Board of Directors must also publish the news of the appointment of the liquidator and the address of the said liquidator in two of the local newspapers.
4. Take Claims of Creditors
After the announcement in the newspapers, the liquidator must announce a time frame in which all creditors may make a claim or any opposition against the company. Any other third party also has the right to make any objections to the liquidation process in the given time frame.
Just in case the time limit is not appropriate, the liquidator has the power to extend the time limit.
5. Issuing of the Liquidation Report
After the completion of the making all the claims by the creditors, the liquidator will dispense with the duties. When the complete liquidation process has been done, a liquidation report is issued by the liquidator to all the shareholders and other participating parties.
6. Final Closure
When all the liquidation work is finished, the liquidator must submit an application of company deregistration with a copy of the liquidator’s report to the registrar office. After the approval of the application, the company registrar will issue a certificate which will finally disband the company.
For more details on the company, liquidation Read Your Guide to Company Liquidation in the UAE
Documents Required for Liquidation
The complete process of liquidation required certain documents. Below are the documents that should be kept at the ready:
- Copy of the licence to open a business in a specific Industry
- Power of Attorney
- Articles and Memorandum of Association of the Company
- Copy of the Emirates ID
- Copy of the passport of the Shareholders
- Resolutions taken by the shareholders
- Deregistration Form
The board of directors should keep the documents as mentioned above, ready for a smooth and easy liquidation process.
Company liquidation may be a very complicated process in the company to be liquidated a big one and has many shareholders. In such a case, it is always advisable that you take the help of a consulting firm which will help in the liquidation process in the UAE. One such accounting and auditing firm - JAXA Chartered Accountants.
JAXA will not only help in the liquidation of the company but will also help you to establish a new company and also provide the management consultancy services so that the company does not face any problems in the future. For more details on the various services offered, contact us – we’d be happy to help.